Composition

Oil on canvas
50 x 34 cm
Plymouth Museums and Galleries

About the artist

Oswald de Andrade Filho

JOSÉ OSWALD ANTÔNIO DE ANDRADE, also known as NONÊ (1914 in São Paulo, São Paulo – 1972 in Guarujá, São Paulo) was a painter, designer, scenographer, musician, journalist, writer and lecturer in visual arts, son of the author Oswald de Andrade (1890-1954); he became known as Nonê de Andrade in Brazil. During the 1920s, he went on various study trips to Europe and the Middle East. In 1924, he joined his father and the group of authors and artists, e.g., Mário de Andrade (1893-1945), Tarsila do Amaral (1886-1973) and Blaise Cendrars (1887-1961) to a celebrated tour of historic towns and cities of Minas Gerais. After the tour, he went to Switzerland to continue his studies returning to Brazil in 1929. He then had classes under Candido Portinari (1903-1962), Lasar Segall (1891-1957) and Anita Malfatti (1889-1964). He joined the Modern Artists’ Club, the Teatro de Experiência (Experiential Theatre) and the Guanabara Group and also worked as a journalist at the newspaper A Gazeta. He headed the Museu de Artes e Técnicas Populares (Popular Arts and Crafts Museum) and the Theatro Municipal of the city of São Paulo. His works show confluences with the first Brazilian modernists and some academics have identified traces of surrealism in them. The biographical entry for the Exhibition of Modern Brazilian Paintings catalogue underscores the honourable mention which Andrade Filho received at the Salão Nacional de Belas Artes in 1940. He contributed three oil paintings for the show – The Dead Girl and two pieces under the name Composition, one of which was gifted by the British Council to the Plymouth City Council in 1949 and is currently part of its collections.

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